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Table of Contents
TOPIC 1.1 - Introduction to Maps
IMP-1.A: Identify types of maps, the types of information presented in maps, and different kinds of spatial patterns and relationships portrayed in maps.
- IMP-1.A.1: Types of maps include reference maps and thematic maps.
- IMP-1.A.2: Types of spatial patterns represented on maps include absolute and relative distance and direction, clustering, dispersal, and elevation.
- IMP-1.A.3: All maps are selective in information; map projections inevitably distort spatial relationships in shape, area, distance and direction.
TOPIC 1.2 - Geographic Data
IMP-1.B: Identify different methods of geographic data collection
- IMP-1.B.1: Data may be gathered in the field by organizations or by individuals.
- IMP-1.B.2: Geospatial technologes include geographic information systems (GIS), satellite navigation systems, remote sensing, and online mapping and visualization.
- IMP-1.B.3: Spatial information can come from written accounts in the form of field observations, media reports, travel narratives, policy documents, personal interviews, landscape analysis, and photographic interpretation.
TOPIC 1.3 - The Power of Geographic Data
IMP-1.C: Explain the geographical effects of decisions made using geographical information.
- IMP-1.C.1: Geospatial and geographical data, including census data and satellite imagery, are used at all scales for personal, business and organizational, and governmental decision-making purposes.
TOPIC 1.4 - Spatial Concepts
PSO-1.A: Define major geographic concepts that illustrate spatial relationships.
- PSO-1.A.1: Spatial concepts include absolute and relative location, space, place, flows, distance decay, time-space compression, and pattern.
TOPIC 1.5 - Human-Environmental Interaction
PSO-1.B: Explain how major geographic concepts illustrate spatial relationships.
- PSO-1.B.1: Concepts of nature and society include sustainability, natural resources, and land use.
- PSO-1.B.2: Theories regarding the interaction of the natural environment with human societies have evolved from environmental determinism to possibilism.
TOPIC 1.6 - Scales of Analysis
PSO-1.C: Define scales of analysis used by geographers.
- PSO-1.C.1: Scales of analysis include global, regional, national, and local.
PSO-1.D: Explain what scales of analysis reveal.
- PSO-1.D.1: Patterns and processes at different scales reveal variations in, and different interpretations of, data.
TOPIC 1.7 - Regional Analysis
SPS-1.A: Describe different ways that geographers define regions.
- SPS-1.A.1: Regions are defined on the basis of one or more unifying characteristics or on patterns of activity.
- SPS-1.A.2: Types of regions include formal, functional, and perceptual/vernacular.
- SPS-1.A.3: Regional boundaries are transitional and often contested and overlapping.
- SPS-1.A.4: Geographers apply regional analysis at local, national, and global scales.