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AP US History (APUSH) Question Review 2 - Hartford Convention

The second installment to the APUSH question review series on the Hartford Convention

Continuing with our question reviews, this post will cover our second review for APUSH. Note that APUSH now follows the new stimulus-based format, different from this question, but it's a good topic to review nonetheless. The first question review covered Good ole Abe and his hesitation with issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.

This post focuses on what occurred at the Hartford Convention. The question is shown below:

The Hartford Convention was significant because:

  • the call for secession was struck down.
  • a law passed by Congress was nullified.
  • renewed signs of sectional tension became evident.
  • Federalists gained new followers afterward.

The answer is that renewed signs of sectional tension became evident. The Federalists met at Hartford to protest U.S. entrance into the War of 1812, propose constitutional amendments that would protect their interests, and suggest secession if their demands were not met. Some of their demands, like New England's secession from the union, were very radical. Others were more moderate, like removing the three-fifths compromise, were more tempered (yet still radical at the time). The voice of moderation ultimately outnumbered the radicals, but showed clear signs of dissension within the government.

Thankfully, after news of the Battle of New Orleans and the signing of the Treaty of Ghent, the Federalists' voices were drowned out by cheers of victory. Since the representatives at Hartford were mostly from New England and their ire was directed mostly at large, Southern states, the Hartford Convention represented a rebirth of the sectional tensions that had plagued the delegates at the Constitutional Convention.

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