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AP Psychology Review Question 1

A review by Omninox for the upcoming AP exam for Psychology

In continuation with our series of question reviews in order to prepare for AP exams, we cover a brand new AP subject: AP Psychology. According to Total Registration, the 2014 year had a 34.5% failure rate with the exam, so it should be in your best interest to practice if you're planning on taking this years AP exam. Let's review a topic below that you may see on the actual exam.

Which of these is LEAST likely to happen during REM sleep compared to other stages of sleep?

Your choices are:

  • Sleep apnea
  • Insomnia
  • Dreaming
  • Increased brain activity
  • Somnambulism

In order to answer this question, first you need to know what REM sleep is and then figure out what symptoms occur and can occur during that sleep cycle. REM sleep is known as rapid eye movement sleep and it is the last stage of deep sleep one enters to during the sleep process. The REM stage is known as "paradoxical sleep" because the brain is highly active even though the body is in a completely restful position and state.

1.) Looking at the choices, we can automatically eliminate Dreaming and Increased brain activity from the list because those are both things that do occur during REM. That leaves us with three choices.

2.) Insomnia prevents one from being able to sleep, therefore one cannot even reach the REM stage or any stages of sleep, at that matter. And since this disorder doesn't fall into any of the sleep stages, it can't even be considered. Trick question!

3.) Sleep apnea happens often and can cause you to stop breathing randomly in the night, therefore causing you to wake up suddenly no matter what stage of sleep you may be in. Though this seems like a viable option, you have to review the last choice to ensure that there isn't a better answer.

4.) Somnambulism, also known as "sleep walking" only occurs in deep stages of sleep. The stages that it will occur in is either stage 3 or stage 4. Given that it occurs only during those stages of sleep, it is the choice that will be LEAST likely occur.

As with the other posts, I hope this one was helpful for you to use. Look out for the next review question for another AP subject that we offer!

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